The date is AD 325; the city is Nicaea, a place found in modern-day Turkey. In what turns out to be the religious equivalent of his Senate, Roman Emperor Constantine has convened and is overseeing a council of Christian bishops. He wants them to consolidate power  and strengthen ecclesiastical authority by solving several doctrinal disputes. It is here they make a fateful decision to separate celebrations related to the resurrection of Jesus (already called Easter) from Passover.

This act of disconnecting the OT from the NT set in motion the formalizing of a calendar strategy ensuring two things to this very day: Easter will always fall on a Sunday, and, it will remain distanced from the Passover according to the Jewish way of reckoning time.

That is fitting in at least one way. Yahweh rested from his work of creating on the seventh day (Shabbat). He also rested from his new covenant work of re-creating on Holy Saturday. Imagine his growing anticipation as the sun goes down on the Sabbath and—to the joy of the heavenly host and the shock and dismay of every power and principality—he raises his crucified Son, the Lord of glory, from the dead on Sunday, the first day of the week!

"Now after the Sabbath, toward the dawn of the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb." (Matthew 28:1)

Sadly, the council's decision to separate Easter from Passover risks obscuring the flow of the biblical narrative and losing vital lessons from the prophetic history of God's chosen people. When that happens, we are impoverished.

Our goal is to right that historical wrong by helping followers of Jesus—across every denominational and ecclesiastical boundary—deepen their reality of crucifixion and resurrection during Easter celebrations. The resources on this page help you reconnect Easter to both the Passover of Jesus, and the Passover of the early church in Jesus. After all, what God has joined together—says Jesus in relevant words from a different context—let not man separate.


James Whitman

President, JC Studies

Start here with a foundational overview on the subject entitled, What God Has Joined Together.

(Reading time, 4 minutes)


Dwight A. Pryor

Founder, JC Studies

Next, read how one of the most recognizable pieces of artwork can be misleading, The Last Supper ... Not Exactly. (3 minutes)





 What the Exodus Meant to Jesus (released April 5)

 What the Exodus Meant to the Early Church (released April 12)

 What the Exodus Means to us, in Jesus (released April 19)


Buy this seminar...

Get this one free!

JCStudies-main logo.jpg